The Raven's progressive matrices: change and stability over culture and time

Cogn Psychol. 2000 Aug;41(1):1-48. doi: 10.1006/cogp.1999.0735.


Data relating to the stability and variation in the norms for the Raven's Progressive Matrices Test (a well-validated measure of basic cognitive functioning) for different cultural, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups on a worldwide and within-country basis are first summarized. Subsequent sections deal with variation over time. A possible explanation for the variation in norms over time and between ethnic groups within countries is offered.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Culture*
  • Humans
  • Intelligence Tests*
  • Neuropsychological Tests*
  • Time Factors