Predicting risk behaviors: development and validation of a diagnostic scale

J Health Commun. Oct-Dec 1996;1(4):317-41. doi: 10.1080/108107396127988.

Abstract

The goal of this study was to develop and validate the Risk Behavior Diagnosis (RBD) Scale for use by health care providers and practitioners interested in promoting healthy behaviors. Theoretically guided by the Extended Parallel Process Model (EPPM; a fear appeal theory), the RBD scale was designed to work in conjunction with an easy-to-use formula to determine which types of health risk messages would be most appropriate for a given individual or audience. Because some health risk messages promote behavior change and others backfire, this type of scale offers guidance to practitioners on how to develop the best persuasive message possible to motivate healthy behaviors. The results of the study demonstrate the RBD scale to have a high degree of content, construct, and predictive validity. Specific examples and practical suggestions are offered to facilitate use of the scale for health practitioners.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Condylomata Acuminata / prevention & control
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Psychological Tests*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Risk-Taking*
  • Self Efficacy
  • Surveys and Questionnaires