Delayed Wound Healing in CXCR2 Knockout Mice

J Invest Dermatol. 2000 Aug;115(2):234-44. doi: 10.1046/j.1523-1747.2000.00034.x.

Abstract

Previous studies demonstrated that the CXC chemokine, MGSA/GRO-alpha and its receptor, CXCR2, are expressed during wound healing by keratinocytes and endothelial cells at areas where epithelialization and neovascularization occur. The process of wound healing is dependent on leukocyte recruitment, keratinocyte proliferation and migration, and angiogenesis. These processes may be mediated in part by CXC chemokines, such as interleukin-8 and MGSA/GRO-alpha. To examine further the significance of CXC chemokines in wound healing, full excisional wounds were created on CXCR2 wild-type (+/+), heterozygous (+/-), or knockout (-/-) mice. Wounds were histologically analyzed for neutrophil and monocyte infiltration, neovascularization and epithelialization at days 3, 5, 7, and 10 postwounding. The CXCR2 -/- mice exhibited defective neutrophil recruitment, an altered temporal pattern of monocyte recruitment, and altered secretion of interleukin-1beta. Significant delays in wound healing parameters, including epithelialization and decreased neovascularization, were also observed in CXCR2 -/- mice. In vitro wounding experiments with cultures of keratinocytes established from -/- and +/+ mice revealed a retardation in wound closure in CXCR2 -/- keratinocytes, suggesting a role for this receptor on keratinocytes in epithelial resurfacing that is independent of neutrophil recruitment. These in vitro and in vivo studies further establish a pathophysiologic role for CXCR2 during cutaneous wound repair.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Movement / physiology
  • Cytokines / metabolism
  • Keratinocytes / physiology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mice, Knockout / genetics
  • Monocytes / physiology
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic / physiology
  • Neutrophils / physiology
  • Receptors, Chemokine / genetics
  • Receptors, Chemokine / physiology*
  • Receptors, Interleukin / genetics
  • Receptors, Interleukin / physiology*
  • Receptors, Interleukin-8B
  • Skin / injuries
  • Skin / pathology
  • Time Factors
  • Wound Healing / physiology*
  • Wounds and Injuries / pathology
  • Wounds and Injuries / physiopathology

Substances

  • Cytokines
  • Receptors, Chemokine
  • Receptors, Interleukin
  • Receptors, Interleukin-8B