We studied the case of a subject with an inverted duplication of 40 cM of 2q33-q37 concurrent with a 10 cM deletion of the distal 2q, the latter not being detectable by cytogenetics. Microsatellite analysis demonstrated the absence of maternal alleles in the deleted region and a double dosage for one of the maternal alleles in the duplication region. We hypothesised that this type of rearrangement occurs at meiosis I, while the two homologues are synapsed for most of their length. The presence of inverted duplicons in the same chromosome arm would favour the partial refolding of one homologue into itself so leading to the intrachromatid synapsis and recombination of the inverted repeats. The arising recombinant chromosome is deleted for the region beyond the most distal repeat and with the chromatids joined together at the level of the region located between the two duplicons. At meiosis II, the two linked chromatids can join the opposite poles provided that a breakage between the two centromeres occurs leading to a duplicated/deleted chromosome and a simply deleted chromosome. This model can be extended to all the so-called inverted duplication cases and to part of the terminal deletions. In fact the finding that, in our invdup(2q), the entire 40 cM duplication region involves only one of the two maternal alleles, indeed indicates that the abnormal crossover occurs between sister chromatids. The phenotype associated with our 2q rearrangement led us to narrow the critical region for the Albright-like syndrome to 10 cM in the subterminal 2q region.