An HPLC/MS/MS method has been developed for the characterization and quantification of the cardiac glycosides oleandrin, odoroside, neritaloside and the aglycone oleandrigenin, all contained in a patented-hot-water extract of Nerium oleander L (Anvirzel). Qualitative analysis of such extracts was achieved using a hybrid tandem quadrupole time-of-flight (QqTOF) mass spectrometer. Collision-induced dissociation (CID) mass spectra of oleandrin, oleandrigenin, odoroside, and neritaloside were obtained with greater than 5 ppm mass accuracy and resolution routinely in excess of 8000 (fwhm). The detection limit for oleandrin of 20 pg (injected) was realized when the precursor-to-product ion transition, m/z 577 --> 373, was monitored. We have also applied the analytical method to the determination of oleandrin, oleandrigenin, neritaloside, and odoroside in human plasma following an intramuscular injection of Anvirzel.