Vascular pathology in the throwing athlete

Hand Clin. 2000 Aug;16(3):477-85, x.


Vascular pathology in the upper extremity of a throwing athlete comprises a spectrum of serious disorders apt to threaten the patient's career and the viability of the involved parts. Such pathology includes digital vessel thrombosis, proximal thrombosis with distal embolization, vessel aneurysm, and vessel compression, such as in thoracic outlet syndrome and quadrilateral space syndrome. This article provides a description of vascular disorders prone to result from sports activities and a review of published data relevant to throwing athletes. Recognition of vascular compromise as a cause for dead arm syndrome or painful digital dysfunction among athletes is essential to prevent the grave consequences of progressive ischemia.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aneurysm / diagnosis
  • Aneurysm / physiopathology
  • Aneurysm / therapy
  • Arm / blood supply*
  • Athletic Injuries / diagnosis
  • Athletic Injuries / physiopathology*
  • Athletic Injuries / therapy
  • Hand / blood supply
  • Humans
  • Ischemia / diagnosis
  • Ischemia / physiopathology
  • Ischemia / therapy
  • Nerve Compression Syndromes / diagnosis
  • Nerve Compression Syndromes / physiopathology*
  • Nerve Compression Syndromes / therapy
  • Shoulder / blood supply
  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome / therapy
  • Vascular Diseases / diagnosis
  • Vascular Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Vascular Diseases / therapy