Guidelines and recommendations for antimicrobial minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) testing against veterinary mycoplasma species. International Research Programme on Comparative Mycoplasmology

Vet Res. Jul-Aug 2000;31(4):373-95. doi: 10.1051/vetres:2000100.


The absence of standardised procedures for minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) testing of antimicrobial agents against veterinary mycoplasma and ureaplasma species (Mollicutes) has made it difficult to compare results originating from different laboratories. This report, prepared on behalf of the International Research Programme on Comparative Mycoplasmology (IRPCM), offers guidelines and recommendations for veterinary MIC testing of these organisms in an effort to rectify this problem. The subjects discussed include suitable media for broth and agar MIC assays, storage and preparation of antimicrobial agents, standardisation of mycoplasma inocula for MIC tests, validation of equipment, incubation conditions, and determination of MIC end points. A standard medium for all veterinary mycoplasma MIC tests cannot currently be recommended, owing to the diversity of nutritional requirements of different mycoplasma species. Instead mycoplasma broths or agars giving optimal growth of specific mycoplasmas or ureaplasmas are recommended, as suboptimal growth may lead to falsely low MIC results. The importance of using standardised mycoplasma inocula, for assays using either solid or liquid media is stressed. The growth phase may be less important as lag phase and logarithmic phase cultures of Mycoplasma gallisepticum, M. synoviae, M. bovis and M. hyopneumoniae have given very similar results in liquid MIC assays. The liquid method of Tanner and Wu and the agar method described by Hannan et al. are compared and described in detail. Methods for calculating MIC50s and MIC90s are described and the interpretation of results discussed. Methods for assessing mycoplasmacidal (MMC) activity of antimicrobial agents are also described. Adoption of these guidelines should lead to more consistent MIC results being obtained between laboratories.

Publication types

  • Guideline
  • Practice Guideline
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Culture Media
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests / standards
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests / veterinary*
  • Mycoplasma / drug effects*
  • Mycoplasma / growth & development
  • Mycoplasma Infections / drug therapy
  • Mycoplasma Infections / microbiology
  • Mycoplasma Infections / veterinary
  • Veterinary Medicine / standards*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Culture Media