p50(Cdc37) can buffer the temperature-sensitive properties of a mutant of Hck

Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Sep;20(18):6984-95. doi: 10.1128/MCB.20.18.6984-6995.2000.


Genetic studies have previously revealed that Cdc37p is required for the catalytic competence of v-Src in yeast. We have reasoned that temperature-sensitive mutants of Src family kinases might be more sensitive to the cellular level of p50(Cdc37), the mammalian homolog of Cdc37p, than their wild-type counterpart, thus potentially providing a unique opportunity to elucidate the involvement of p50(Cdc37) in the folding and stabilization of Src family kinases. A temperature-sensitive mutant of a constitutively active form of Hck (i.e., tsHck499F) was created by mutating two amino acids within the kinase domain of Hck499F. Significantly, overexpression of p50(Cdc37) rescues the catalytic activity of tsHck499F at 33 degrees C, while partially buffering it against inactivation at higher temperatures (e.g., 37 and 39 degrees C). Hsp90 function is required for tsHck499F activity and its stabilization by p50(Cdc37), but overexpression of Hsp90 is not sufficient to stabilize tsHck499F. Overexpression of p50(Cdc37) promotes the association of tsHck499F with Hsp90, suggesting that the cellular level of p50(Cdc37) might be the rate-limiting step in the association of tsHck499F with Hsp90. A truncation mutant of p50(Cdc37) that cannot bind Hsp90 still has a limited capacity to rescue the catalytic activity of tsHck499F and promote its association with Hsp90. This is a particularly important observation, since it argues that rather than solely acting as a passive adapter protein to tether tsHck499F to Hsp90, p50(Cdc37) may also act allosterically to enhance the association of tsHck499F with Hsp90. The findings presented here might also have implications for our understanding of the evolution of protein kinases and tumor development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Catalysis
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Line, Transformed
  • Chaperonins
  • Drosophila Proteins*
  • Gene Expression
  • HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Isoleucine / genetics
  • Isoleucine / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Molecular Chaperones*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Proline / genetics
  • Proline / metabolism
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / genetics
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-hck
  • Rabbits
  • Temperature


  • CDC37 protein, human
  • Cdc37 protein, mouse
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins
  • Molecular Chaperones
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Isoleucine
  • Proline
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • HCK protein, human
  • Hck protein, mouse
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-hck
  • Chaperonins