We reviewed the charts of 100 consecutive emergency department (ED) cases of injuries in public buses (not due to actual traffic accidents) seen during 7 months in 1995. There were 29 males and 71 females with a mean age of 55.6 +/- 21.4 years, median 60, and range 13-91. 92 were discharged home directly from the ED. 3 were admitted to general surgical wards, and 1 each to the orthopedic, medical and neurosurgical wards, while 2 soldiers were sent for observation to a military clinic. There were 28 spinal column, 27 head and 25 chest injuries; 1 patient died. There were no significant differences in admissions during the months of the year. 58% of injuries occurred during normal working hours, with a peak incidence at about 1000 hrs. The most common cause was falling while standing, due to sudden acceleration/deceleration or sharp turns. There are 1900 buses in Tel Aviv which carry 1.1 million passengers daily and most of which are capable of significant acceleration. A high proportion of passengers travel standing, and elderly passengers are more liable to fall when the bus accelerates, decelerates or turns. We calculate a potential national yearly bus injury toll from falls of more than 1000, which often result in significant morbidity and even mortality. A national survey is now being planned.