The Bmx tyrosine kinase is activated by IL-3 and G-CSF in a PI-3K dependent manner

Oncogene. 2000 Aug 24;19(36):4151-8. doi: 10.1038/sj.onc.1203763.

Abstract

Cytoplasmic protein tyrosine kinases play crucial roles in signaling via a variety of cell surface receptors. The Bmx tyrosine kinase, a member of the Tec family, is expressed in hematopoietic cells of the granulocytic and monocytic lineages. Here we show that Bmx is catalytically activated by interleukin-3 (IL-3) and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) receptors. Activation of Bmx required phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI-3K) as demonstrated by the ability of PI-3K inhibitors to block the activation signal. A green fluorescent protein (GFP) tagged Bmx was translocated to cellular membranes upon co-expression of a constitutively active form of PI-3K, further indicating a role for PI-3K in signaling upstream of Bmx. The expression of wild type Bmx in 32D myeloid progenitor cells resulted in apoptosis in the presence of G-CSF, while cells expressing a kinase dead mutant of Bmx differentiated into mature granulocytes. However, Bmx did not modulate IL-3-dependent proliferation of the cells. These results demonstrate distinct effects of Bmx in cytokine induced proliferation and differentiation of myeloid cells, and suggest that the stage specific expression of Bmx is critical for the differentiation of myeloid cells. Oncogene (2000) 19, 4151 - 4158

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / metabolism*
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / cytology
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-3 / metabolism*
  • Luminescent Proteins / genetics
  • Mice
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / metabolism*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / genetics
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism*
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • Receptors, Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / metabolism
  • Receptors, Interleukin-3 / metabolism
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Transfection

Substances

  • Interleukin-3
  • Luminescent Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Receptors, Interleukin-3
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • BMX protein, human
  • Bmx protein, mouse
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases