Background: This study investigated whether hepatocyte Ca2+ dysregulation after hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation could be modulated by the iron chelator hydroxyethyl starch-conjugated deferoxamine (HES-DFO).
Methods: In a randomized experimental study, anesthetized rats (n = 7) were bled for 60 minutes to maintain mean arterial blood pressure at 40 mm Hg. They were then resuscitated with 60% of shed blood and threefold the shed-blood volume as lactated Ringer's solution, 1 mL of pentastarch solution (hydroxyethyl starch 10%) per mL of shed blood, or 1 mL of HES-DFO solution (10%) per mL of shed blood. In isolated hepatocytes, the rate of Ca2+ influx (Ca2+ in), total Ca2+ uptake (Ca2+ up), and membrane Ca2+ flux (Ca2+ flux) were determined by 45Ca incubation. Reduced or oxidized glutathione and malondialdehyde concentrations were assessed fluorometrically.
Results: Significant increases of hepatocellular Ca2+ in, Ca2+ up, and Ca2+ flux were observed in rats resuscitated with lactated Ringer's solution compared with control groups (p < 0.05). Although hydroxyethyl starch decreased Ca2+ in but not Ca2+ up, HES-DFO not only prevented the increase of Ca2+ in and Ca2+ up but also inhibited hepatocyte oxidative injury.
Conclusion: Iron-catalyzed oxyradical production and membrane peroxidation seem to alter hepatocyte Ca2+ homeostasis after hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation.