Chromosome 4p- syndrome is a multiple malformation syndrome associated with partial deletion of the short arm of chromosome 4 (4p-). It is characterized by dysmorphic features and retarded development. Cleft lip and/or palate are the major clinical manifestations. Cases of tetrasomy 9p are extremely rare; the principal clinical manifestations of this condition are characteristic craniofacial abnormalities, generalized hypotonia and severe mental retardation. We present the first case of a female infant with 4p deletion and tetrasomy 9p mosaicism, exhibiting a left-sided cleft lip, alveolus and soft palate. Karyotype analysis of lymphocytes cultured from the patient revealed that she was mosaic: 86% of the cells were 46, XX, add (4) (p15.32) and 14% were 47, XX, add (4) (p15.32), +idic (9)(q12). The G-banding pattern appeared consistent with either translocation or partial proximal deletion of 4p. In order to make a definitive cytogenetic diagnosis of isodicentric chromosome 9, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was applied. At 8 months, when the patient weighed 4.3 kg, her cleft lip was repaired. Before and after surgery there were no seizures, and the postoperative course was uneventful.
Copyright 2000 European Association for Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery.