A controlled trial of self-help treatment of recurrent headache conducted via the Internet

J Consult Clin Psychol. 2000 Aug;68(4):722-7.


The Internet can reach a large number of people at a low cost and offers the opportunity for 2-way communication. The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of applied relaxation and problem solving in the treatment of recurrent headache when implemented via the Internet and E-mail. A group of 102 headache sufferers were randomized to 2 conditions: a 6-week treatment condition or a waiting-list control. The dropout was proportionately large (56%), and at the end of the study there were 20 participants in the treatment condition and 25 participants in the control condition. Results showed statistically significant reductions in headache for the treated participants. In 50% of these, the reduction was clinically significant. The Internet has the potential to serve as a complement in the treatment of recurrent headache and deserves further study.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Female
  • Headache / economics
  • Headache / prevention & control
  • Headache / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Internet*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Problem Solving*
  • Relaxation*
  • Secondary Prevention
  • Sweden
  • Therapy, Computer-Assisted / economics
  • Therapy, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome