Fast synaptic fatigue in shibire mutants reveals a rapid requirement for dynamin in synaptic vesicle membrane trafficking

Nat Neurosci. 2000 Sep;3(9):859-60. doi: 10.1038/78753.


The GTPase dynamin is involved in endocytosis in many cell types, as first revealed by temperature-sensitive paralytic mutations in the Drosophila dynamin gene, shibire (shi), which disrupt synaptic vesicle endocytosis and deplete synaptic terminals of vesicles. Here we report that shi synapses exhibit a fast synaptic fatigue phenotype within 20 ms of repetitive stimulation, which cannot be explained by vesicle depletion, as we confirmed by electron microscopy. These results suggest that, in addition to its well-characterized role in synaptic vesicle recycling, dynamin may be required for short-term maintenance of the readily releasable pool of synaptic vesicles.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Axons / metabolism
  • Axons / ultrastructure
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism*
  • Drosophila Proteins*
  • Drosophila melanogaster / metabolism*
  • Dynamins
  • GTP Phosphohydrolases / genetics
  • GTP Phosphohydrolases / metabolism*
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Motor Neurons / metabolism
  • Motor Neurons / ultrastructure
  • Muscle Fatigue / physiology*
  • Neuromuscular Junction / metabolism
  • Neuromuscular Junction / ultrastructure
  • Synaptic Vesicles / metabolism*
  • Synaptic Vesicles / ultrastructure
  • Time Factors


  • Drosophila Proteins
  • GTP Phosphohydrolases
  • Dynamins
  • shi protein, Drosophila