Prevalence of retinopathy at diagnosis among type 2 diabetic patients attending a diabetic centre in South India

Br J Ophthalmol. 2000 Sep;84(9):1058-60. doi: 10.1136/bjo.84.9.1058.


Aim: To assess the prevalence of retinopathy in newly diagnosed south Indian type 2 diabetic patients attending a diabetic centre.

Methods: 448 consecutive newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients were recruited. Four field retinal colour photography was performed and graded using a modified form of the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study grading system.

Results: Of the 438 patients with assessable photographs, 32 (7.3%, 95% confidence interval 5.0 to 10. 2) had retinopathy. None of the variables tested showed a significant association with retinopathy on univariate or multivariate logistic regression analysis.

Conclusion: The overall prevalence of retinopathy at diagnosis among clinic based south Indian patients with type 2 diabetes appears to be lower than that reported among Europeans.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology*
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence