Objective: This study examined the association between adverse working conditions and abstinence and heavy drinking.
Methods: The study was a cross-sectional study within the framework of a general population survey conducted in Eindhoven, The Netherlands (N = 7533). Working conditions were classified into four domains: hazardous physical working conditions, demands at work, level of control over one's job, and support from coworkers and supervisors. Abstainers were compared with drinkers; within drinkers, heavy drinkers were compared with light-moderate drinkers, and those who reported binge drinking were compared with those who did not report binge drinking.
Results: Respondents who reported adverse working conditions were as likely to be abstainers as they were to be drinkers. Within drinkers, males and females who reported high hazardous physical working conditions were more likely to be heavy drinkers than to be light-moderate drinkers (light-moderate is not just an amount, but a combination of amount and frequency) and to report binge drinking (males only). Respondents who reported high demands were also more likely to be heavy drinkers than to be light-moderate drinkers.
Conclusions: Stressful circumstances, such as adverse working conditions, were associated with high levels of alcohol intake among drinking men and women.