Ventricular thrombosis and systemic embolism in bodybuilders: etiology and management

Ann Thorac Surg. 2000 Aug;70(2):658-60. doi: 10.1016/s0003-4975(00)01572-1.


Increased thrombogenicity and acute embolism are well-recognized complications of chronic anabolic steroid abuse. The following cases highlight such dangers in steroid-enhanced bodybuilders who developed intracardiac thrombosis that subsequently embolized. Systemic anticoagulation and surgical thrombectomy constituted the mainstay treatment. This represents the first report of such devastating cardiovascular complications after anabolic steroid abuse and their management.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anabolic Agents / adverse effects*
  • Doping in Sports*
  • Embolism / chemically induced*
  • Heart Diseases / chemically induced*
  • Heart Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Thrombosis / chemically induced*
  • Thrombosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Weight Lifting*


  • Anabolic Agents