CD14+CD16+ monocyte subpopulation in Kawasaki disease

Clin Exp Immunol. 2000 Sep;121(3):566-70. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2249.2000.01321.x.


Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile illness caused by vasculitis, occurring in early childhood. We have demonstrated that the activation of monocytes/macrophages plays a central role during acute KD. Recently, it has been reported that the CD14+CD16+ monocyte subpopulation plays a more important role in inflammation. In this study, we investigated the peripheral blood CD14+CD16+ monocyte subpopulation by flow cytometry, and serum levels of IL-10 and IL-12 using a sandwich ELISA in 28 KD patients. We also investigated this subpopulation in patients with bacterial infections, mononucleosis and anaphylactoid purpura, since the cause of KD remains unknown. We observed an increase in the number of CD14+CD16+ monocytes with acute KD, which was a positive correlation with C-reactive protein levels, and we observed only the patients with severe bacterial infections had increased this subpopulation during the acute stage among control diseases. In addition, we found that the serum levels of IL-10, but not IL-12, were higher during acute KD. These data suggest that increased peripheral blood CD14+CD16+ monocytes are part of the regulatory system of monocyte function during acute KD.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Bacterial Infections / immunology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Humans
  • IgA Vasculitis / immunology
  • Infant
  • Infectious Mononucleosis / immunology
  • Interleukin-10 / blood
  • Interleukin-12 / blood
  • Lipopolysaccharide Receptors / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Monocytes / classification*
  • Monocytes / immunology*
  • Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome / immunology*
  • Receptors, IgG / metabolism*


  • Lipopolysaccharide Receptors
  • Receptors, IgG
  • Interleukin-10
  • Interleukin-12