The relationship between lipid peroxidation (plasma malondialdehyde [MDA] concentration) and plasma fibrinogen level was analyzed in 144 men, aged 53-62 years. MDA was measured colorimetrically and fibrinogen with the thrombin method. Mean plasma MDA concentration was 12.6 (SD 1.2) micromol/L, plasma fibrinogen level 2.91 (0.47) g/L, and body mass index 27.1 (3.5) kg/m(2). Prevalence of smoking was 17%. MDA correlated moderately with fibrinogen. Both MDA and fibrinogen correlated positively with waist hip ratio (WHR) and blood leukocyte count, but inversely with VO(2)max. Both MDA and fibrinogen levels were higher in smokers than in non-smokers (p<0. 01). In multiple stepwise regression analysis, plasma MDA, VO(2)max, smoking, and leukocyte count explained 38.1% of the variance in plasma fibrinogen level, with the individual contributions reaching 20.6%, 9.7%, 5.5%, and 2.3%, respectively. WHR, serum triglycerides, and age did not enter the model. These data suggest that increased lipid peroxidation is associated with elevated plasma fibrinogen level in middle-aged men.