Isolation of a murine copper transporter gene, tissue specific expression and functional complementation of a yeast copper transport mutant

Gene. 2000 Aug 22;254(1-2):87-96. doi: 10.1016/s0378-1119(00)00287-0.


A polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based strategy was used to isolate a mouse cDNA (mCtr1) encoding a Cu transport protein. The deduced mCtr1 protein sequence exhibits 92% identity to human Ctr1, and has structural features in common with known high affinity Cu transporters from yeast. The expression of mouse Ctr1 functionally complements baker's yeast cells defective in high affinity Cu transport. Characterization of the mCtr1 genomic clone showed that the mCtr1 coding sequence is encompassed within four exons and that the mCtr1 locus maps to chromosome band 4C1-2. RNA blotting analysis demonstrated that mCtr1 is ubiquitously expressed, with high levels in liver and kidney, and early in embryonic development. Steady state mammalian Ctr1 mRNA levels were not changed in response to cellular Cu availability, which is distinct from the highly Cu-regulated transcription of genes encoding yeast high affinity Cu transporters. These studies provide fundamental information for further investigations on the function and regulation of Ctr1 in Cu acquisition in mammals.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cation Transport Proteins*
  • Chromosome Banding
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Copper / administration & dosage
  • Copper / metabolism*
  • Copper Transporter 1
  • DNA / chemistry
  • DNA / genetics
  • DNA / isolation & purification
  • DNA, Complementary / chemistry
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Embryo, Mammalian / metabolism
  • Exons
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics*
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism
  • Gene Expression / drug effects
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Genes / genetics*
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Introns
  • Male
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics*
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Tissue Distribution


  • CTR1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Cation Transport Proteins
  • Copper Transporter 1
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • SLC31A1 protein, human
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Slc31a1 protein, mouse
  • Copper
  • DNA