Recruiting elderly African-American women in cancer prevention and control studies: a multifaceted approach and its effectiveness

J Natl Med Assoc. 2000 Apr;92(4):169-75.


Barriers to engaging African Americans as research participants may be accentuated among older single African-American women partly because of financial, social, physical, and cognitive factors. This article shows our multifaceted strategies and experiences in the recruitment of single African-American women aged 65 and older in a cancer prevention and control study. The study was conducted in 10 public housing complexes in Nashville, Tennessee. Out of 367 eligible women, 325 participated in the study, resulting in a rate of 89%. The result suggests that a strategy, which targets the cultural, perceptive, and cognitive characteristics of the population, was effective for increasing the enrollment of study subjects in this population. Because the single constitute 75% of African-American women aged 65 and older; and the incidence and mortality of cancer are especially high in elderly African Americans, our experiences are encouraging for cancer prevention and control research in the population.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • African Americans* / psychology
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Blacks*
  • Clinical Trials as Topic / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Motivation
  • Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Patient Selection*