Unilateral sternocleidomastoid muscle vibration was applied to 21 normal and six unilateral vestibular deafferented (uVD) human subjects at head erect and during 30 degrees left and right whole body roll-tilt. In normal subjects, neck vibration had no effect upon the settings of a visual bar to subjective visual horizontal (SVH) in any roll-tilt condition. In uVD subjects settings to SVH were significantly altered by neck vibration, with ipsilesional neck vibration increasing the SVH bias at head erect. Further, during contralesional roll-tilt, ipsilesional neck vibration in uVD subjects significantly increased the E-effect. These results suggest that compensation after vestibular loss allows cervical signals to influence visual perception of roll-tilt.