Transient receptor potential protein 1 (Trp1) has been proposed as a component of the store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) channel. However, the exact mechanism by which Trp1 is regulated by store depletion is not known. Here, we examined the role of the Trp1 C-terminal domain in SOCE by expressing hTrp1alpha lacking amino acids 664-793 (DeltaTrp1alpha) or full-length hTrp1alpha in the HSG (human submandibular gland) cell line. Both carbachol (CCh) and thapsigargin (Tg) activated sustained Ca(2+) influx in control (nontransfected), DeltaTrp1alpha-, and Trp1alpha-expressing cells. Sustained [Ca(2+)](i), following stimulation with either Tg or CCh in DeltaTrp1alpha-expressing cells, was about 1.5-2-fold higher than in Trp1alpha-expressing cells and 4-fold higher than in control cells. Importantly, (i) basal Ca(2+) influx and (ii) Tg- or CCh-stimulated internal Ca(2+) release were similar in all the cells. A similar increase in Tg-stimulated Ca(2+) influx was seen in cells expressing Delta2Trp1alpha, lacking the C-terminal domain amino acid 649-793, which includes the EWKFAR sequence. Further, both inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor-3 and caveolin-1 were immunoprecipitated with DeltaTrp1alpha and Trp1alpha. In aggregate, these data suggest that (i) the EWKFAR sequence does not contribute significantly to the Trp1-associated increase in SOCE, and (ii) the Trp1 C-terminal region, amino acids 664-793, is involved in the modulation of SOCE.