Screening for osteoporosis in community-dwelling adults with mental retardation

Ment Retard. 2000 Aug;38(4):316-21. doi: 10.1352/0047-6765(2000)038<0316:SFOICA>2.0.CO;2.


Osteoporosis screening of adults ages 40 to 60 who attended community-based adult training centers was conducted utilizing dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) measurements of the calcaneus. Valid measurements were obtained on 107 individuals, a response rate of 94%. One fifth of the sample (21%) had osteoporosis and 34% had osteopenia. On multiple regression analysis, the most significant predictors of BMD were Down syndrome, mobility status, and race. Future studies involving larger samples of middle-age adults with mental retardation/developmental disabilities will clarify the need and optimum age for osteoporosis screening.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bone Density
  • Calcaneus / diagnostic imaging
  • Community Health Services
  • Down Syndrome / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mass Screening*
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteoporosis / diagnosis
  • Osteoporosis / epidemiology*
  • Radiography, Dual-Energy Scanned Projection / methods