Growth charts for cri-du-chat syndrome: an international collaborative study

Am J Med Genet. 2000 Sep 11;94(2):153-62. doi: 10.1002/1096-8628(20000911)94:2<153::aid-ajmg8>;2-#.


Low birth weight and slow growth are frequently observed in the patients with cri-du-chat syndrome. To provide a growth reference standard for children with cri-du-chat syndrome, syndrome-specific growth charts have been developed from a combination of cross-sectional and longitudinal measurements on 374 patients from North America, Italy, Australia, and the British Isles. The data were obtained from pediatric records, parent reporting, and personal examinations at national 5p- parent support group meetings in the U.S., Italy, U.K., and Australia. The growth curves include height and weight measurements for patients ages 0 to 18 years and head circumference measurements for patients ages 0 to 15 years. Birth weight was above the 5th percentile of general population in 50% of cases: mean weight 2.8 kg +/- 1.85 SD for males and 2.6 kg +/- 1.51 SD for females. Growth curve medians were usually at or below the 5th centile of reference populations throughout life. The median head circumference falls below the 2nd centile, and this change increases with age. The charts show that compared with the standard population, most children with cri-du-chat syndrome are small at birth and as they grow most, but not all, have significant microcephaly and compromised weight for age, and to a lesser extent, compromised height for age. Am. J. Med. Genet. 94:153-162, 2000.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Body Height
  • Body Weight
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5
  • Cri-du-Chat Syndrome / genetics
  • Cri-du-Chat Syndrome / physiopathology*
  • Female
  • Growth Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male