The bronchoconstrictive action of evodiamine, an indoloquinazoline alkaloid isolated from the fruits of Evodia rutaecarpa, on guinea-pig isolated bronchus: possible involvement on vanilloid receptors

Planta Med. 2000 Aug;66(6):526-30. doi: 10.1055/s-2000-8615.


Evodiamine, a constituent of Evodiae Fructus (Evodia rutaecarpa Benth., Rutaceae), produced a bronchial contraction that is resistant to atropine and abolished by pretreatment with a mixture of the NK1 and NK2 receptor antagonists. Contractile responses to evodiamine were examined in guinea-pig isolated bronchus and compared with those to capsaicin. Both compounds evoked bronchial contraction in a concentration-dependent manner. Maximal contractions for evodiamine and capsaicin were observed at concentrations of 3 microM and 1 microM, respectively. Capsazepine (10 microM), an established antagonist of vanilloid receptor (capsaicin receptor), competitively inhibited the bronchial contraction evoked by evodiamine, suggesting that evodiamine activated vanilloid receptors. Evodiamine (3 microM) and capsaicin (1 microM) produced complete crossed tachyphylaxis. Both compounds desensitized tissues to subsequent additions of either evodiamine or capsaicin. These results suggest that the evodiamine-induced contractile response of the bronchus could be attributed to the resultant tachykinin release from sensory neurons by binding of evodiamine to vanilloid receptors. Rutaecarpine, which belongs to the same indoloquinazoline-type alkaloid as evodiamine, showed neither bronchoconstrictive, desensitizing effects nor vanilloid antagonistic effects at all the concentrations examined (up to 200 microM).

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bronchi / drug effects*
  • Bronchi / physiopathology
  • Bronchoconstriction / drug effects*
  • Guinea Pigs
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Male
  • Plant Extracts*
  • Plants / chemistry*
  • Quinazolines / pharmacology*
  • Receptors, Drug / physiology*


  • Plant Extracts
  • Quinazolines
  • Receptors, Drug
  • evodiamine