Low apolipoprotein A-IV plasma concentrations in men with coronary artery disease

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2000 Sep;36(3):751-7. doi: 10.1016/s0735-1097(00)00775-0.

Abstract

Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relation between apolipoprotein A-IV (apoA-IV) plasma concentrations and coronary artery disease (CAD).

Background: Experimental in vitro and in vivo studies favor apoA-IV to be protective against the development of atherosclerosis. Mice that overexpress either human or mouse apoA-IV demonstrated a significant reduction of aortic atherosclerotic lesions compared with control mice. Data on apoA-IV plasma concentrations and CAD in humans are lacking.

Methods: We determined in two independent case-control studies of a Caucasian and an Asian Indian population whether apoA-IV plasma concentrations are related to the presence of angiographically assessed CAD.

Results: Plasma apoA-IV levels were significantly lower in 114 male Caucasian subjects with angiographically defined CAD when compared with 114 age-adjusted male controls (10.2 +/-3.8 mg/dL vs. 15.1 +/- 4.0 mg/dL, p < 0.001). Logistic regression analysis indicated that the association between apoA-IV levels and CAD was independent of the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations. The inverse relationship between plasma levels of apoA-IV and the presence of CAD was confirmed in an independent sample of 68 male Asian Indians with angiographically documented CAD and 68 age-matched controls.

Conclusions: The results of this cross-sectional study demonstrate for the first time an association between low apoA-IV concentrations and CAD in humans and suggest that apoA-IV may play an antiatherogenic role in humans.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Apolipoproteins A / blood*
  • Austria
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cholesterol, HDL / blood
  • Coronary Disease / blood*
  • Coronary Disease / ethnology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Ethnic Groups
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Humans
  • India
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osmolar Concentration
  • Reference Values
  • Regression Analysis
  • Triglycerides / blood

Substances

  • Apolipoproteins A
  • Cholesterol, HDL
  • Triglycerides
  • apolipoprotein A-IV