The human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a transmembrane glycoprotein having 11 potential N-glycosylation sites in its extracellular domain. N-Glycosylation is needed for proper membrane insertion, EGF binding and receptor functioning. The human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cell line secretes a soluble 105 kDa glycoprotein (sEGFR) that represents the extracellular domain of the membrane-bound form, and its glycosylation pattern has been investigated. After liberation of the oligosaccharides from sEGFR with PNGase F, the glycans were fractionated along different routes, including Concanavalin A affinity chromatography, anion-exchange chromatography, HPLC and high-pH anion-exchange chromatography. The oligosaccharide fractions were characterized by 500- and 600-MHz 1H-NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry (FAB, ESI, and MALDI-TOF). The oligomannose-type glycans range from Man5GlcNAc2 to Man8GlcNAc2 and account for 17% of the total carbohydrate moiety. Furthermore, di-, tri'- and tetraantennary complex-type structures are present, both neutral and (alpha2-3)-sialylated (up to tetrasialo), comprising 24 and 59%, respectively, of the total carbohydrate moiety. In this study, 32 new complex-type glycans are characterized containing the Le(x), Le(Y), and sialyl-Le(x) determinants, the bloodgroup A and H antigens, as well as the ALe(Y) determinant. This first comprehensive glycosylation study on a human nonrecombinant receptor shows the immense heterogeneity of the glycosylation of sEGFR.