Neutrophil-rich anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is an uncommon morphologic variant of ALCL. We report 2 cases of neutrophil-rich T-cell ALCL that presented as scalp masses in HIV-positive men. Histologically, the neoplastic cells extensively infiltrated the dermis and subcutaneous tissue. The neoplastic cells strongly expressed CD30 and were of T-cell lineage, positive for CD3 and CD45RO, and negative for CD20. The neoplastic cells were negative for anaplastic lymphoma kinase-1. Numerous admixed neutrophils also were present, representing up to 70% of all cells in some microscopic fields. Neither patient had peripheral blood leukocytosis. One patient had relative neutrophilia, 79% (0.79; reference range, 50%-70% [0.50-0.70]). The absolute CD4 counts were 160 cells/microL (160 x 10(6)/L) and 150 cells/microL (150 x 10(6)/L), respectively (reference range, 431-1,623/microL [431-1,623 x 10(6)/L]). Both patients were treated with multiagent chemotherapy but died of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia within 6 months of diagnosis. In our review of the literature, we identified 5 similar T-cell cases, including 1 in an HIV-positive patient. Neutrophil-rich T-cell ALCL is a rare morphologic variant of ALCL that should be considered in the histologic evaluation of neutrophil-rich biopsy specimens.