Intravenous nicardipine as a first-line antihypertensive drug in neonates

Intensive Care Med. 2000 Jul;26(7):956-8. doi: 10.1007/s001340051287.


Objective: Prospective recording of IV nicardipine efficacy and safety as a first-line antihypertensive drug in neonates.

Patients: Twenty neonates (15 preterm) with systemic hypertension due to steroids administration (n = 14), polycystic kidney disease (n = 1), renal vein thrombosis (n = 1), coarctation of aorta (n = 1) or from an undetermined cause (n = 3).

Interventions: The initial nicardipine dosage was 0.5 microg/kg/min in 17 patients. The maximal nicardipine dosage was 0.74+/-0.41 microg/kg/ min (0.5-2.0). The duration of treatment was 14.6+/-11.6 days.

Results: Systolic blood pressure significantly decreased after 3, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h of nicardipine treatment (-20+/-11%, -19+/-10%, -20+/-8%, -20+/-10% and -20+/-12%, respectively). The decrease in blood pressure remained significant over the subsequent days of treatment. No hypotension or other clinical side effects were observed.

Conclusions: Both additional pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies remain mandatory to improve the dosage regimens and assess the efficacy and safety of nicardipine infusion in hypertensive neonates.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / drug therapy*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature*
  • Infusions, Intravenous
  • Male
  • Nicardipine / therapeutic use*


  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Nicardipine