Bone mineral density in osteoarthritis

Curr Opin Rheumatol. 2000 Sep;12(5):464-7. doi: 10.1097/00002281-200009000-00021.


The inverse relation between osteoporosis and osteoarthritis has long been considered in the literature. This review looks at current evidence to support this relation, concentrating on studies published since 1998. The review also summarizes previous large studies investigating this relation. Recent studies indicate higher bone mineral density as measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry in subjects with osteoarthritis at a distant site, but suggest less association with hand osteoarthritis. Genetic work has sought to explain this association and this too is discussed. There is some indication that a higher bone density may not protect against fracture in these subjects, due to the increased risk of falls.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Bone Density*
  • Fractures, Bone / etiology
  • Humans
  • Osteoarthritis / complications
  • Osteoarthritis / genetics
  • Osteoarthritis / physiopathology*
  • Osteoporosis / complications
  • Osteoporosis / physiopathology
  • Receptors, Calcitriol / genetics


  • Receptors, Calcitriol