Novel longitudinal mode in the coupled quantum chain compound KCuF3

Phys Rev Lett. 2000 Jul 24;85(4):832-5. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.85.832.


Inelastic neutron scattering measurements are reported that show a new longitudinal mode in the antiferromagnetically ordered phase of the spin- 1/2 quasi-one-dimensional antiferromagnet KCuF3. This mode signals the crossover from one-dimensional to three-dimensional behavior and indicates a reduction in the ordered spin moment of a spin- 1/2 antiferromagnet. The measurements are compared with recent quantum field theory calculations and are found to be in excellent agreement. A feature of the data not predicted by theory is a damping of the mode by decay processes to the transverse spin-wave branches.