Endometrial carcinoma: assessment of myometrial invasion with plain and gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging

J Magn Reson Imaging. 2000 Sep;12(3):460-6. doi: 10.1002/1522-2586(200009)12:3<460::aid-jmri12>3.0.co;2-3.


The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for evaluating the depth of myometrial invasion, potential sources of pitfalls, and the usefulness of contrast-enhanced series. Eighty-five patients with a pathologic diagnosis of endometrial carcinoma underwent preoperative MRI (plain and contrast-enhanced). Grade of myometrial invasion, presence of junctional zone (JZ), fibromyomas, and tumoral thickness were evaluated by two groups of radiologists blinded to pathologic results. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy of MRI in determining the depth of myometrial invasion were evaluated. The sensitivity/specificity for plain MR was 64.1-64.1/93.5-100 for both observers. Assessing deep myometrial invasion, sensitivity, and NPV improved significantly (P = 0.002, P = 0.003 for both observers) when comparing plain and whole study series. Tumoral thickness (P = 0.16, P = 0.13, for the two observers) and presence or absence of JZ (P = 0.41, P = 0.14) did not influence myometrial invasion assessment. Gadolinium-enhanced series improve the assessment of deep myometrial invasion in endometrial carcinoma. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2000;12:460-466.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Carcinoma / diagnosis*
  • Carcinoma / pathology
  • Carcinoma / surgery
  • Contrast Media
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / surgery
  • Female
  • Gadolinium DTPA*
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement / methods*
  • Leiomyoma / diagnosis
  • Leiomyoma / pathology
  • Leiomyoma / surgery
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Middle Aged
  • Myometrium / pathology*
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Observer Variation
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Sensitivity and Specificity


  • Contrast Media
  • Gadolinium DTPA