Suppression of vasomotor and vulvovaginal symptoms with continuous oral 17beta-estradiol

Menopause. Sep-Oct 2000;7(5):310-7. doi: 10.1097/00042192-200007050-00005.


Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of different doses of 173-estradiol for the treatment of vasomotor and vulvovaginal symptoms.

Design: This was a randomized, double-blind, multicenter, parallel-group study. One hundred forty-five subjects, including naturally postmenopausal women aged 40-60 (who had not experienced menses for at least 12 months), women who had undergone hysterectomy, and women aged 25-60 who had undergone bilateral oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy were studied. Either placebo or 17beta-estradiol (1 mg or 0.5 mg) was given orally every day for 12 weeks, and vasomotor symptoms and vaginal epithelial cytology were evaluated.

Results: There were significant differences between placebo and the active treatments in the percentage change from baseline in the number of hot flushes (all hot flushes, 1 mg vs. placebo, p < 0.00 1; 0.5 mg vs. placebo, p = 0.007), with a more substantial proportion of subjects responding in the 1-mg group (mean change in mean number of hot flushes of 83.2%). Both doses were also more effective than placebo in increasing the proportion of mature vaginal cells (end-of-treatment mean values of 0%, 78.5%, and 21.5% for parabasal, intermediate, and superficial cells, respectively, in the 1-mg group; mean values of 0.3%, 80.8%, and 18.9% in the 0.5-mg group; and mean values of 15.2%, 74.7%, and 10.2% in the placebo group). The proportion of subjects reporting no vaginal dryness was greatest in the 1-mg group (mean percentage of days without dryness of 86.1% at weeks 9-12).

Conclusions: For the relief of vasomotor and vulvovaginal symptoms, 17beta-estradiol I mg is effective and has an excellent safety profile.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Adult
  • Atrophy / prevention & control
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Estradiol / administration & dosage
  • Estradiol / therapeutic use*
  • Estrogen Replacement Therapy*
  • Female
  • Hot Flashes / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Postmenopause*
  • United States
  • Vagina / drug effects
  • Vagina / pathology
  • Vaginal Diseases / pathology
  • Vaginal Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Vulvar Diseases / pathology
  • Vulvar Diseases / prevention & control*


  • Estradiol