Evidence for a modulatory effect of sulbutiamine on glutamatergic and dopaminergic cortical transmissions in the rat brain

Neurosci Lett. 2000 Sep 29;292(1):49-53. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3940(00)01420-8.


Chronic treatment of rats by sulbutiamine induced no change in density of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and (+/-)-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid receptors in the cingular cortex, but a significant decrease of the kainate binding sites, as measured by quantitative autoradiography. In the same treated animals, an increase of D1 dopaminergic (DA) binding sites was measured both in the prefrontal and the cingular cortex, while no modification of the D2 binding sites was detected. Furthermore, an acute sulbutiamine administration induced a decrease of kainate binding sites but no change of the density of D1 and D2 DA receptors. Acute sulbutiamine injection led to a decrease of the DA levels in the prefrontal cortex and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid levels in both the cingular and the prefrontal cortex. These observations are discussed in terms of a modulatory effect of sulbutiamine on both dopaminergic and glutamatergic cortical transmissions.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Autoradiography
  • Binding Sites / drug effects
  • Brain Mapping
  • Cerebral Cortex / drug effects*
  • Cerebral Cortex / physiology*
  • Dopamine / physiology*
  • Glutamic Acid / physiology*
  • Injections, Intraperitoneal
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Synaptic Transmission / drug effects*
  • Synaptic Transmission / physiology*
  • Thiamine / administration & dosage
  • Thiamine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Thiamine / pharmacology*


  • Glutamic Acid
  • sulbutiamine
  • Dopamine
  • Thiamine