Frequent nuclear localization of ICAD and cytoplasmic co-expression of caspase-8 and caspase-3 in human lymphomas

J Pathol. 2000 Oct;192(2):194-202. doi: 10.1002/1096-9896(2000)9999:9999<::AID-PATH685>3.0.CO;2-M.

Abstract

Lymphoma cells often display in vitro resistance to FAS-induced apoptosis, in which caspases act as crucial cell death effectors. Following FAS stimulation, caspase-8 activates caspase-3, which in turn activates the caspase-activated DNAse (CAD) by proteolysis of its inhibitor (ICAD). To investigate the mechanism of FAS resistance, the expression of caspase-8 was analysed by immunohistochemistry, together with that of the substrates caspase-3 and ICAD, in 52 representative samples from non Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), 12 from Hodgkin's disease (HD), and eight benign lymphoid tissues. In benign tissues, caspase-8 was co-expressed with caspase-3 in the cytoplasm in germinal centre (GC) cells and was co-expressed with ICAD in the nuclei of the mantle and marginal zone cells. ICAD expression was weak or absent in GC cells. Cytoplasmic staining for both caspase-8 and caspase-3 was present in 11/12 cases of diffuse large cell B-NHL. Caspase-8 positivity was nuclear and cytoplasmic in 9/9 follicular NHLs, in 5/5 mantle cell NHLs and in 6/6 marginal zone NHLs. Five out of six peripheral T-cell NHLs expressed cytoplasmic caspase-8. Ten out of the 12 HD cases lacked significant cytoplasmic staining for caspase-3 and caspase-8 in the majority of Reed-Sternberg cells. All lymphoma cases exhibited predominant nuclear ICAD positivity. Subcellular fractionation analysis of three lymphoma samples and normal mantle zone cells confirmed that ICAD and caspase-8 were at least partly localized in the nucleus. These results show that the profile of caspase-8 expression is correlated with histological lymphoma subtypes; that caspase-8 is co-expressed with caspase-3 in GC cells and their neoplastic counterparts; that ICAD has an immunohistochemical nuclear localization in vivo; and that caspase-8 and ICAD can be co-expressed in the nuclei of mantle zone and marginal zone cells; their unexpected nuclear localization allows a reappraisal of the biochemical cascade of caspase activation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • B-Lymphocytes / enzymology
  • Blotting, Western
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Caspase 3
  • Caspase 8
  • Caspase 9
  • Caspases / metabolism*
  • Cell Nucleus / enzymology*
  • Cytoplasm / enzymology*
  • Deoxyribonucleases / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Germinal Center / enzymology
  • Hodgkin Disease / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / classification
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / metabolism*
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / pathology
  • Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism*
  • Proteins / metabolism*
  • Reed-Sternberg Cells / enzymology

Substances

  • DNA fragmentation factor, human
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Proteins
  • Deoxyribonucleases
  • CASP3 protein, human
  • CASP8 protein, human
  • CASP9 protein, human
  • Caspase 3
  • Caspase 8
  • Caspase 9
  • Caspases