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Comparative Study
, 59 (9), 815-21

Comparative Genomic Hybridization in Pineal Germ Cell Tumors

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Comparative Study

Comparative Genomic Hybridization in Pineal Germ Cell Tumors

C H Rickert et al. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol.

Abstract

Fifteen primary pineal germ cell tumors (8 germinomas, 4 mixed teratomas-germinomas, 2 immature teratomas, and 1 yolk sac tumor) and 2 recurrences of the yolk sac tumor were studied by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). An average of 1.8 chromosomal changes per germinoma (0.5 gains vs 1.3 losses), 5.5 per mixed teratoma-germinoma (3.0 gains vs 2.5 losses), 3.5 per immature teratoma (2.0 gains vs 1.5 losses), and 2.0 in the yolk sac tumor (2 gains vs 0 losses) were found; the first recurrence showed 7 (4 gains vs 3 losses), the second 13 imbalances (8 gains vs 5 losses). The most frequent imbalances were gains on 12p (40%), 8q (27%), and 1q (20%) as well as losses on 13q (47%), 18q (33%), 9q and 11q (20% each). Among germinomas, the most common chromosomal changes were -13q and -18q (38% each), in mixed teratomas-germinomas +8q (100%), +12p (75%), -13q (75%) and -9q (50%). Seven high-level gains were identified: 5 in mixed teratomas-germinomas (+8q: 3 cases, + 12p: 2 cases), 1 each in a germinoma (+2p) and an immature teratoma (+12p). Minimal common regions of over- and underrepresentation were found on +8q11.22-21.1, +12p11.1-12.1, -9q32-qter, -11q23.2-qter, -13q32-qter and -18q22-qter. Our findings suggest, that imbalances in cerebral germ cell tumors affect the same chromosomes as among their extracerebral counterparts, albeit in a considerably lower frequency among cerebral germinomas where +12p does not seem to play a major role.

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