Functional effects of TNF and lymphotoxin alpha1beta2 on FDC-like cells

Cell Immunol. 2000 Aug 1;203(2):134-43. doi: 10.1006/cimm.2000.1688.


Recent studies suggest that tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family members such as TNFalpha and lymphotoxin alphabeta (LTalpha1beta2) are important in the development of follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) and maintenance of FDC function. In this study we used FDC-like cells (FDC-LC) cultured from normal human tonsil and investigated the effects of TNF and LTalpha1beta2 on expression of adhesion molecules and the production of cytokines and chemokines. TNF and LTalpha1beta2 both increased the expression of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 on FDC-LC. In addition, IL-4 with LTalpha1beta2 synergistically increased the expression of VCAM-1, but not ICAM-1. Cytokine IL-6 and IL-15 mRNAs were induced following stimulation with TNF and LTalpha1beta2. These two cytokines were present in FDC-LC supernatants by ELISA and increased following TNF and LTalpha1beta2 stimulation. We also examined FDC-LC for chemokines, which affect B cells, including IL-8, SDF-1, MIP3beta/ELC, and BCA-1/BLC. SDF-1 mRNA and protein were expressed by FDC-LC, and following stimulation with TNF and LTalpha1beta2, decreases in both were observed. Therefore, TNF and LTalpha1beta2, which are produced by activated B cells, increased the expression of adhesion molecules and cytokines from FDC-LC, potentially providing key signals to support germinal center B cell survival and differentiation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cell Line
  • Chemokines / biosynthesis
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cytokines / biosynthesis
  • Dendritic Cells, Follicular / cytology
  • Dendritic Cells, Follicular / immunology*
  • Dendritic Cells, Follicular / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 / biosynthesis
  • Lymphotoxin-alpha / immunology*
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / biosynthesis
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / immunology*
  • Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 / biosynthesis


  • Chemokines
  • Cytokines
  • Lymphotoxin-alpha
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
  • Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1