The CDK10/PISSLRE gene has been shown to encode two different CDK-like putative kinases. The function(s) of the gene products are unknown, although a role at the G2/M transition has been suggested. We characterised two novel cDNAs. CDK10 mRNA quantity was not found to be correlated with cell proliferation status in HeLa or WI38 cell cultures or in human tissues. Relative levels of the four CDK10 isoforms were studied by RT-PCR, of which three were principally expressed. The two initially cloned isoforms predominated in human tissues, except in brain and muscle. Relative isoform levels did not vary during the cell cycle in culture, except when cells entered into the cell cycle. Finally, the predominant isoforms were shown to have different translation initiation sites and to have different subcellular distribution, due to an alternatively spliced nuclear localisation signal.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.