Purpose: To investigate whether lipid peroxides play a role in retinal cell death due to ischemia-reperfusion injury, whether recombinant human thioredoxin (rhTRX) treatment reduces production of lipid peroxides of the retina, and whether such treatment reduces the number of cells expressing c-Jun and cyclin D1.
Methods: Retinal ischemia was induced in rats by increasing the intraocular pressure to 110 mm Hg for 60 minutes. After reperfusion, immunohistochemical staining for lipid peroxide, peroxynitrite, c-Jun, and cyclin D1 and propidium iodide (PI) staining were performed on retinal sections from animals treated intravenously with and without rhTRX, a free radical scavenger. Quantitative analyses of PI-, c-Jun-, and cyclin D1-positive cells were performed after the ischemic insult. Concentration of lipid peroxides in the retina was determined by the thiobarbituric acid assay.
Results: Specific immunostaining for lipid peroxides was seen in the ganglion cell layer at 6 hours after reperfusion, in the inner nuclear layer at 12 hours, and in the outer nuclear layer at 48 hours. Time course studies for PI-positive cells in the three nuclear layers coincided with those of specific immunostaining for lipid peroxides. The specific immunostaining was weakened by pre- and posttreatment with 0.5 mg of rhTRX. The number of PI-, c-Jun-, and cyclin D1-positive cells and the concentration of lipid peroxides were significantly decreased by treatment with rhTRX compared with those of vehicle-treated control rats (P: < 0. 01).
Conclusions: Lipid peroxides formed by free radicals may play a role in neuronal cell death in retinal ischemia-reperfusion injury.