Inverse agonist properties of N-(piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2, 4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide HCl (SR141716A) and 1-(2-chlorophenyl)-4-cyano-5-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxyl ic acid phenylamide (CP-272871) for the CB(1) cannabinoid receptor

Biochem Pharmacol. 2000 Nov 1;60(9):1315-23. doi: 10.1016/s0006-2952(00)00447-0.


Two subtypes of cannabinoid receptors are currently recognized, CB(1), found in brain and neuronal cells, and CB(2), found in spleen and immune cells. We have characterized 1-(2-chlorophenyl)-4-cyano-5-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxyl ic acid phenylamide (CP-272871) as a novel aryl pyrazole antagonist for the CB(1) receptor. CP-272871 competed for binding of the cannabinoid agonist (3)H-labeled (-)-3-[2-hydroxy-4-(1, 1-dimethylheptyl)-phenyl]-4-[3-hydroxypropyl]cyclohexan-1-ol ([(3)H]CP-55940) at the CB(1) receptor in rat brain membranes with a K(d) value 20-fold greater than that of N-(piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2, 4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide HCl (SR141716A). CP-272871 also competed for binding with the aminoalkylindole agonist (3)H-labeled (R)-(+)-[2, 3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-[(4-morpholinyl)methyl]pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]1, 4-benzoxazin-6-yl](1-naphthyl)methanone ([(3)H]WIN-55212-2), as well as the aryl pyrazole antagonist [(3)H]SR141716A. Inverse agonist as well as antagonist properties were observed for both SR141716A and CP-272871 in signal transduction assays in biological preparations in which the CB(1) receptor is endogenously expressed. SR141716A augmented secretin-stimulated cyclic AMP (cAMP) accumulation in intact N18TG2 neuroblastoma cells, and this response was reversed by the agonist desacetyllevonantradol. CP-272871 antagonized desacetyllevonantradol-mediated inhibition of adenylyl cyclase in N18TG2 membranes, and increased adenylyl cyclase activity in the absence of agonist. SR141716A and CP-272871 antagonized desacetyllevonantradol-stimulated (35)S-labeled guanosine-5'-O-(gamma-thio)-triphosphate ([(35)S]GTPgammaS) binding to brain membrane G-proteins, and decreased basal [(35)S]GTPgammaS binding to G-proteins. K(+) enhanced CP-272871 and SR141716A inverse agonist activity compared with Na(+) or NMDG(+) in the assay. These results demonstrated that the aryl pyrazoles SR141716A and CP-272871 behave as antagonists and as inverse agonists in G-protein-mediated signal transduction in preparations of endogenously expressed CB(1) receptors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Benzene Derivatives / pharmacology*
  • CHO Cells
  • Cricetinae
  • Cyclic AMP / biosynthesis
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Piperidines / pharmacology*
  • Pyrazoles / chemistry
  • Pyrazoles / pharmacology*
  • Radioligand Assay
  • Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB2*
  • Receptors, Cannabinoid
  • Receptors, Drug / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Receptors, Drug / metabolism
  • Rimonabant
  • Transfection


  • Benzene Derivatives
  • CP 272871
  • Cnr2 protein, rat
  • Piperidines
  • Pyrazoles
  • Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB2
  • Receptors, Cannabinoid
  • Receptors, Drug
  • Cyclic AMP
  • GTP-Binding Proteins
  • Rimonabant