A 43-year-old woman presented with symptomatic mesenteric ischemia caused by median arcuate ligament compression of her celiac artery. Magnetic resonance angiography clearly demonstrated stenosis of the proximal celiac artery. She underwent laparoscopic decompression by division of the ligament and excision of the celiac plexus. Laparoscopic Doppler ultrasound scanning demonstrated markedly improved flow in the artery. She was discharged in 15 hours and reported complete resolution of her symptoms at the 3-month postoperative visit. Laparoscopy provides a less invasive but equally effective method for decompressing the celiac artery as well as assessing adequacy of flow after its release.