At the age of 8 weeks, an extremely low birth weight infant (gestational age 26 0/7 weeks, birth weight 740 g) had non-obstructing bilateral renal fungal balls. Urine cultures had repeatedly grown Candida albicans. Combination therapy with liposomal amphotericin B intravenously and fluconazole orally was administered for 6 weeks. Monotherapy with fluconazole was then continued until complete resolution of the renal fungal balls.
Conclusion: Combination therapy with liposomal amphotericin B and fluconazole was successful in eliminating non-obstructing bilateral renal fungal balls and obviated the need for surgical intervention.