Protein 4.1R core domain structure and insights into regulation of cytoskeletal organization

Nat Struct Biol. 2000 Oct;7(10):871-5. doi: 10.1038/82819.


The crystal structure of the core domain (N-terminal 30 kDa domain) of cytoskeletal protein 4.1R has been determined and shows a cloverleaf-like architecture. Each lobe of the cloverleaf contains a specific binding site for either band 3, glycophorin C/D or p55. At a central region of the molecule near where the three lobes are joined are two separate calmodulin (CaM) binding regions. One of these is composed primarily of an alpha-helix and is Ca 2+ insensitive; the other takes the form of an extended structure and its binding with CaM is dramatically enhanced by the presence of Ca 2+, resulting in the weakening of protein 4.1R binding to its target proteins. This novel architecture, in which the three lobes bind with three membrane associated proteins, and the location of calmodulin binding sites provide insight into how the protein 4.1R core domain interacts with membrane proteins and dynamically regulates cell shape in response to changes in intracellular Ca2+ levels.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Calmodulin / metabolism
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins*
  • Cytoskeleton / metabolism*
  • Cytoskeleton / ultrastructure
  • Membrane Proteins*
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neuropeptides*
  • Proteins / chemistry
  • Proteins / metabolism*


  • Calmodulin
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Neuropeptides
  • Proteins
  • erythrocyte membrane band 4.1 protein
  • erythrocyte membrane protein band 4.1-like 1
  • Calcium

Associated data

  • PDB/1GG3