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Review
, 54, 849-80

Regulation of Carbon Catabolism in Bacillus Species

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Review

Regulation of Carbon Catabolism in Bacillus Species

J Stülke et al. Annu Rev Microbiol.

Abstract

The gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilisis capable of using numerous carbohydrates as single sources of carbon and energy. In this review, we discuss the mechanisms of carbon catabolism and its regulation. Like many other bacteria, B. subtilis uses glucose as the most preferred source of carbon and energy. Expression of genes involved in catabolism of many other substrates depends on their presence (induction) and the absence of carbon sources that can be well metabolized (catabolite repression). Induction is achieved by different mechanisms, with antitermination apparently more common in B. subtilis than in other bacteria. Catabolite repression is regulated in a completely different way than in enteric bacteria. The components mediating carbon catabolite repression in B. subtilis are also found in many other gram-positive bacteria of low GC content.

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