Background/aims: Exaggerated production of various proteases may account for the late presence of organ dysfunction in acute pancreatitis. This study examined the effects of early administration of gabexate mesilate on the condition of patients with severe acute pancreatitis and organ dysfunctions.
Methodology: Fifty-two patients with acute pancreatitis and organ dysfunction were enrolled. The treatment group included 26 patients receiving intravenous gabexate mesilate infusion at a dose of 100 mg/hr for 7 days. APACHE-II score, clinical and biochemical parameters were monitored intensively.
Results: Coagulopathy ileus, and abdominal pain was significantly improved with gabexate mesilate. Gabexate mesilate reduced the necessity for surgical intervention and peritoneal lavage. The 7-day-mortality and 90-day-mortality rates were also significantly reduced with gabexate mesilate therapy.
Conclusions: There are strong indications from this study that early intravenous gabexate mesilate infusion results in improved survival in acute pancreatitis with organ dysfunctions.