Prevention of asthma morbidity: recent advances

Curr Opin Pediatr. 2000 Oct;12(5):438-43. doi: 10.1097/00008480-200010000-00003.

Abstract

Asthma prevalence has risen substantially in recent decades and is an increasing cause of disability for American children. Concern about the rise in morbidity has led to treatment guidelines and a growing body of clinical research. Recent trials continue to support the role of inhaled corticosteroids as the most effective therapy to control airway inflammation associated with persistent asthma. Growth suppression due to inhaled corticosteroids has also been well documented, although the long-term effects and relative potencies of different agents require further study. Other anti-inflammatory agents such as cromolyn and the new class of leukotriene receptor antagonists have demonstrated benefit in milder patients. Leukotriene receptor antagonists and long-acting beta2-agonists may allow for reduction of inhaled steroid doses. Control of environmental allergens and irritants is essential. New evidence suggests an increasingly important role for allergen immunotherapy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Inhalation
  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones / therapeutic use
  • Adrenergic beta-Agonists / therapeutic use
  • Anti-Asthmatic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Asthma / drug therapy
  • Asthma / prevention & control
  • Asthma / therapy*
  • Child
  • Cromolyn Sodium / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Immunotherapy*
  • Leukotriene Antagonists / therapeutic use

Substances

  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones
  • Adrenergic beta-Agonists
  • Anti-Asthmatic Agents
  • Leukotriene Antagonists
  • Cromolyn Sodium