Responding to the cues of suffering

Health Care Women Int. 2000 Jan-Feb;21(1):1-9. doi: 10.1080/073993300245366.


Enduring and suffering are fundamental and normal responses to catastrophic loss, yet strangely these two basic states have not been extensively explored using qualitative methods. Both states occur commonly as a human response to illness, injury, and bereavement, and it is the role of professional caregivers to respond to people who are in distress. In this article, I distinguish between states of enduring and suffering, discuss the distinctly different and appropriate comforting strategies to be used with each, and conclude by presenting questions for future research.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Cues
  • Grief
  • Helping Behavior*
  • Humans
  • Life Change Events
  • Nurse-Patient Relations*
  • Nursing Assessment / methods
  • Pain / nursing*
  • Pain / psychology*
  • Stress, Psychological / nursing*
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology*