Solid-pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas: immunohistochemical localization of neuroendocrine markers and CD10

Am J Surg Pathol. 2000 Oct;24(10):1361-71. doi: 10.1097/00000478-200010000-00005.


To clarify the neuroendocrine differentiation and CD10 expression in solid-pseudopapillary tumors (SPTs) of the pancreas, we performed immunohistochemical analysis in 19 such tumors, including one solid-pseudopapillary carcinoma (SPC), along with 20 pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNTs), six acinar cell carcinomas (ACCs), and one pancreatoblastoma (PB). We used antisera directed against CD56, synaptophysin, protein gene product 9.5, the alpha-subunit of Go protein, chromogranin A, CD10, trypsin, chymotrypsin, various cytokeratins (CKs), CA19-9, vimentin, and alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT). All SPTs exhibited immunoreactivity for CD56 and CD10, and 15 expressed other neuroendocrine markers focally with the exception of chromogranin A. Frequent clustering of synaptophysin-positive cells was noted. Two cases contained a peculiar nodule that cytomorphologically and immunohistochemically resembled PNT. CD10-positive cells were scarce in one SPC. PNTs were CD56-positive, but often with faint intensity, and staining for other neuroendocrine markers, including chromogranin A, was diffusely positive. CD10 was detected, mostly in a focal pattern, in five PNTs. Pan-CK, CK8, CK18, and CK19 were more frequently demonstrated in PNT than SPT. Vimentin and AAT were often identified in PNT as well and were not specific for SPT. ACCs were CD56-negative, with the exception of one case designated as a mixed acinar-endocrine carcinoma. PB was focally positive for CD56 at the periphery of the tumor nests. Four ACCs and one PB exhibited focal CD10 reactivity. This study demonstrated the unique immunohistochemical features of SPT. Our results also suggest that SPT exhibits, at least focally, neuroendocrine differentiation, and that these neuroendocrine markers and CD10 are diagnostically useful.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis*
  • Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / diagnosis
  • Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / pathology
  • Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / surgery
  • Carcinoma, Papillary / chemistry
  • Carcinoma, Papillary / diagnosis*
  • Carcinoma, Papillary / surgery
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Proteins / analysis
  • Neprilysin / analysis*
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / analysis*
  • Neuroendocrine Tumors / chemistry
  • Neuroendocrine Tumors / diagnosis
  • Neuroendocrine Tumors / surgery
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / chemistry
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / surgery


  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Neprilysin