Limited inferior macular translocation for the treatment of subfoveal choroidal neovascularization secondary to age-related macular degeneration

Am J Ophthalmol. 2000 Oct;130(4):419-28. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9394(00)00533-x.


Purpose: To review a series of patients with age-related macular degeneration undergoing limited macular translocation for the treatment of subfoveal choroidal neovascularization, to determine short-term visual acuity outcomes, to measure amounts of attainable retinal movement, and to identify prognostic factors.

Methods: A retrospective review was conducted on a consecutive series of patients undergoing inferior limited macular translocation with scleral imbrication for the treatment of subfoveal choroidal neovascularization secondary to age-related macular degeneration. The main outcome measures investigated were distance of macular translocation, visual acuity at 3 and 6 months after surgery, change in visual acuity from baseline, and the development of intraoperative and postoperative complications. Univariate and multivariate analyses of a number of potential prognostic factors were undertaken.

Results: Macular translocation was achieved in all 102 eyes (101 patients) included in this study. The range of movement varied from 200 to 2,800 microm with a median movement of 1, 200 microm. Nearly 33% of the study group achieved a visual acuity better than 20/100 at 3 months, and 49% achieved this vision at 6 months. At 3 and 6 months, 37% and 48% of the study group, respectively, experienced 2 or more lines of improvement on visual acuity testing, and by 6 months 16% experienced greater than 6 lines of visual improvement. Good baseline vision, achieving the desired amount of macular translocation, a greater amount of macular translocation, and recurrent choroidal neovascularization at baseline were associated with better visual acuities at 3 and 6 months. Poor preoperative vision and the development of complications were associated with worse vision at 3 and 6 months.

Conclusions: Limited macular translocation is a technically feasible procedure that can lead to significant visual improvement and good visual acuity in some patients presenting with subfoveal choroidal neovascularization associated with age-related macular degeneration. A randomized prospective clinical trial of this surgical technique is warranted.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Choroidal Neovascularization / etiology
  • Choroidal Neovascularization / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intraoperative Complications
  • Macula Lutea / transplantation*
  • Macular Degeneration / complications*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Visual Acuity